The bono de Desarollo Humano is a cash transfer programme launched by the government of Ecuador in 2003 targeting poor families with children. The cash transfer is $15 per month per family with no strings attached. They set up two experiment, one was to examine the effects of the Bono on poverty and educational attainment among school-aged children. The other was designed to examine how the cash transfer programme affected the health and development of pre-school aged children. 3426 families containing 5547 children were selected by the research team. They collected information on household characteristics and health status between Oct 2003 and Sep 2004. Follow-up survey which collected more detailed information on health of mother and children and children's developmental outcomes were conducted between Sept 2005 and Jan 2006. Physical measures include child's hemoglobin level, height-for-age- and fine motor control. Cognitive and behaviour outcomes include: the Spanish version of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, cognitive test using three tests drawn from the Woodcock-Johnson-Munoz battery. Maternal outcomes are measured through firstly mother's homoglobin level adjusted for elevation and pregnancy; Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale; maternal punitiveness and lack of warmth based on the HOME scale; and the Perceived Stress Scale. In particular, the study contains detailed and complete data on 1479 children in 1124 families who were ages 3 to 7 at follow-up.
Unit of analysis
118 parishes (the smallest administrative unit in Ecuador) in six provinces (three coastal provinces and three highland provinces). 51 rural and 28 urban treatment parishes, and 26 rural and 13 urban control parishes.
Unit of analysis
Producers and Sponsors
Inter-American Development Bank
Government of Ecuador
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Face-to-face questionnaires [f2f]
Data not available [data_na]
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